In our schools today, too many children struggle with learning to read.  As educators and parents can attest, reading failure has tremendous, long-term consequences that affects children's self-confidence and motivation  to learn, consequently affecting school performance in latter years.

(Kindergarten - Grade 3)


According to the NRP (National Reading Panel)...

Success correlates to these following areas:

  • Phonemic Awareness

  • Phonics

  • Fluency

  • Vocabulary

  • Comprehension

Phonemic Awareness -the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate individual sounds in spoken words.

  • improves decoding words and comprehension

  • helps children learn how to spell

Activities to develop phonemic awareness:

  • identify letters and their corresponding sounds

  • blend letters/sounds to form new words /k/ /a/ /t/ = cat

  • segment words into sounds "stretching it out" cat = /k/ /a/ /t/

  • delete or add new letters/sounds to form new words

  • substitute letters/sounds to make new words

Phonics -teaches children the relationships between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language.

Activities to develop phonics skills:

Work in progress...


Fluency - the ability to read text quickly and accurately.

  • More fluent readers focus their attention on making connections between the text and background knowledge.  Therefore, they are able to focus their attention on comprehension.

  • Less fluent readers focus their attention on decoding (sounding out) words.  Therefore, they pay little attention to comprehending text.

**Fluency can be developed gradually over time through substantial practice by modeling fluent reading and having your child engage in repeated oral reading (reading aloud).**


Vocabulary - words we must know in order to communicate effectively.  There is oral vocabulary (we speak) and written vocabulary (we read).

  • Vocabulary is essential in building comprehension skills among children.  Readers can't understand what they are reading if they don't know what many of the words mean.