Reading nonfiction is a great way for children to learn about the world around them. There are so many fascinating nonfiction books available to children today that cover an endless range of topics. Explore nonfiction with your children and encourage them to read about topics of interest.
As children advance through the grades they read and study more and more nonfiction material in the classroom. With lots of experience they learn reading nonfiction is different than reading fiction. They are taught nonfiction is written in specific patterns called structures and it has numerous special features. Being familiar with the structures and features of nonfiction text enhances comprehension and childrens' ability to learn from what they read. Listed below are the types of nonfiction your children read in school. Also listed are the features of text that make information more accessible. Being familiar with this information may make it easier for you to assist children at home as they begin to work more and more with nonfiction text.
Common Nonfiction Text Structures and Signal Words that Are Frequently Present
appears to be, as is, looks like, near, over, outside, under
after, during, following, later, meanwhile, first, second, third, not long after
like, unlike, however, both, on the other hand, as well as, similarly, instead of, as opposed to
as a result of, consequently, effects of, for this reason, may be due to, therefore
therefore, so this led to, if...then
POINT OF VIEW
clearly, conclusively, it could be argued that, in fact, most convincing, therefore, for example
COMMON NONFICTION TEXT FEATURES AND THEIR PURPOSE
It tells what the book is about.